Neurology News

Quantum sensors herald new generation of wearable brain imaging systems

5 Jul 2017

Scientists at the University of Nottingham are working with University College London (UCL) on a five year project which has the potential to revolutionise the world of human brain imaging.

Number of dementia sufferers set to hit 1.2 million by 2040, predict Alzheimer's experts

5 Jul 2017

Campaigners warn ‘urgent’ action is needed from the Government to avert social care crisis as research suggests the number of people living with dementia in England and Wales will rise to 1.2 million by 2040 as life expectancy increases, new research suggests.

Do You Still Need to Worry About Zika?

23 Jun 2017

Last summer, public health experts were on high alert due to the rapid spread of the Zika virus, which has now been proven to cause birth defects and other health problems in infants.  So far in 2017, about 650 Americans have gotten Zika, though that it is considered an underestimate. Most people do not experience symptoms and will not know they have the virus.

Video Games May Change Brain and Behavior, Review Finds

23 Jun 2017

Playing video games may cause changes in many brain regions, according to a new review of previous research. These neural changes are basically the same as those seen in other addictive disorders.

Parkinson’s is partly an autoimmune disease, study finds

21 Jun 2017

Researchers have found the first direct evidence that autoimmunity—in which the immune system attacks the body’s own tissues—plays a role in Parkinson’s disease, the neurodegenerative movement disorder. The findings raise the possibility that the death of neurons in Parkinson’s could be prevented by therapies that dampen the immune response.

Blood test can predict onset and track progression of Huntington’s disease

8 Jun 2017

The first blood test that can predict the onset and progression of Huntington’s disease has been identified by a UCL-led study. The researchers say their findings, published in Lancet Neurology, should help test new treatments for the genetic brain disorder, which is fatal and currently incurable.

Neuroimaging technique may help predict autism among high-risk infants

7 Jun 2017

Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) may predict which high-risk, 6-month old infants will develop autism spectrum disorder by age 2 years, according to a study funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), two components of the National Institutes of Health. The study is published in the June 7, 2017, issue of Science Translational Medicine

A noninvasive method for deep brain stimulation

1 Jun 2017

MIT researchers, collaborating with investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and the IT’IS Foundation, have come up with a way to stimulate regions deep within the brain using electrodes placed on the scalp. This approach could make deep brain stimulation noninvasive, less risky, less expensive, and more accessible to patients.

NIH scientists try to crack the brain’s memory codes

1 Jun 2017

Studies of epilepsy patients uncover clues to how the brain remembers. 
Scientists at NIH used electrical recordings to study how the human brain remembers.  In a pair of studies, scientists at the National Institutes of Health explored how the human brain stores and retrieves memories. One study suggests that the brain etches each memory into unique firing patterns of individual neurons. Meanwhile, the second study suggests that the brain replays memories faster than they are stored.

Neurons can learn temporal patterns

29 May 2017

Individual neurons can learn not only single responses to a particular signal, but also a series of reactions at precisely timed intervals. The study at Lund University in Sweden constitutes basic research, but has a bearing on the development of neural networks and artificial intelligence as well as research on learning. Autism, ADHD and language disorders in children, for example, may be associated with disruptions in these and other basic learning mechanisms.

First of Its Kind Clinical Trial for Children With DIPG to Make Data Available in the Cloud

26 May 2017

Dragon Master Foundation has announced plans to provide $300,000 in funding for the first clinical trial that will make patient data available live in the cloud while the trial is underway. The clinical trial is an initiative by the Pacific Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Consortium (PNOC) in partnership with the Children's Brain Tumor Tissue Consortium (CBTTC) to accelerate the process of testing new therapies tailored to the cellular pathways or mutations of each child's specific tumor. 

New AAN Guideline on Neuroprotection After Cardiac Arrest

17 May 2017

The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has published a new guideline on neuroprotective interventions aimed at reducing brain injury among comatose patients following cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The new guidelines, also endorsed by the Neurocritical Care Society, were published online May 10 in Neurology.

Autism May Be Linked to Cells that Prune Brain Connections

13 May 2017

Cells that prune connections between neurons in babies’ brains as they grow are thought to have a role in autism spectrum disorder. Now, a study suggests that the number and behaviour of these cells—called microglia—vary in boys and girls, a finding that could help to explain why many more boys are diagnosed with autism and related disorders.

Effects of alcoholism on the brain's reward system appear to be different in women than in men

20 Apr 2017

A collaborative study between researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has found evidence implying that alcoholism may have different effects on the reward system in the brains of women than it does in men

Explained: Neural networks

14 Apr 2017

Ballyhooed artificial-intelligence technique known as “deep learning” revives 70-year-old idea.

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